Why would gynecological surgery be needed?
A gynecological surgery or procedure may be recommended after an abnormal finding related to the reproductive organs. It may be performed for the diagnosis and/or treatment of cancerous or benign conditions. Infertility, incontinence, and pelvic pain may be other reasons a gynecological surgery is recommended.
Can my gynecologist perform my procedure in the office?
Some surgical procedures may be performed by the gynecologist in the office under general or local anesthesia. Hysteroscopy, colposcopy, and biopsies are examples of procedures done in the office.
- Hysteroscopy. During this procedure a thin telescopic tube is inserted through the vagina into the uterus to capture and transmit images to a screen. Generally, hysteroscopy is performed to help the gynecologist visualize the uterus to diagnose certain conditions.
- Colposcopy. Colposcopy may be recommended for management of abnormal Pap smear results. During this procedure a light and magnifying lens, known as a colposcope, is inserted into the vagina to help the gynecologist visual the cervix and vaginal wall. A biopsy may also be collected during a colposcopy.
- Biopsy. A biopsy may be recommended to remove abnormal tissue entirely or collect a sample of it for laboratory testing.
What gynecological surgeries must be performed in the hospital?
Certain procedures such as laparoscopy, hysterectomy, and removal of masses are best completed in the hospital. Hospitals often have more advanced equipment and provide a better setting for such procedures.
- Laparoscopy. Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive procedure during which a tiny video camera on the end of a fiber-optic tube is inserted through an incision near the belly button. This camera produces images that help the gynecologist diagnose or treat potential abnormalities.
- Hysterectomy. A hysterectomy is a surgery to remove the uterus and can include removal of the ovaries or fallopian tubes. A hysterectomy may be recommended after the diagnosis of benign or cancerous tumors or to treat conditions such as endometriosis.
- Mass Removal. The gynecologist may remove masses such as fibroids in the uterus or ovarian or uterine cysts in the hospital.
What can I expect from gynecological surgery?
Each gynecological procedure is different and your doctor will discuss any concerns you have prior to surgery. After the procedure you may need a follow-up appointment or additional treatments. As with any surgical procedure it is important to contact your doctor if you are experiencing postoperative side effects.